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How Does A Simple IQ Test Measure The Complicated Human Intelligence?
Intelligence is a little understood idea like love. While we all know intuitively if an individual is clever or not, yet it could be very tough to define intelligence in precise words. A distinguished panel of experts defined intelligence as the individual's ability to understand complicated ideas, to adapt effectively to the surroundings, to be taught from expertise, to engage in various forms of reasoning to overcome obstacles by careful thoughts.
Nonetheless, many of the experts have their own definition of intelligence. Goleman, one of the international experts on "Emotional Intelligence", believes that intelligence means how profitable an individual could be in school and in various kind of jobs, or how will they get along with others. Yet, it is impossible to measure such ability in a person as it is hard to measure how one would get alongside with others. Nonetheless some folks believe that emotional intelligence is most necessary for the success of the person. It's said "A high IQ makes an individual good managers while a high EQ (Emotional Intelligence Quotient) makes a person good leader".
The search for the true which means of intelligence led Gardner to conclude that Intelligence is just not a unitary trait. He concluded that man have multiple intelligences (MI). He identified as many as eight intelligence viz. Linguistic (syntax, phonology, semantics, pragmatics); Musical (pitch, rhythm, timbre), Logical (Mathematical number, categorization, relations); Spatial (accurate mental visualization, mental transformation of images); Bodily (kinesthetic control of 1's own body, management in handling objects); Interpersonal ( awareness of others' emotions, emotions, goals, motivations); Intra-personal (awareness of one's own feelings, emotions, goals, motivations) and Naturalist( recognition and classification of objects in the setting).
Stenberg's gave one other concept of multi-intelligence which he called "Triarchich principle of intelligence" where he divided the intelligence into three categories i.e. analytical (or componential); experimental or inventive intelligence and practical intelligence.
Thus even after centuries of research, now we have but to reach on the frequent definition of intelligence. When we do not have even a common definition of intelligence, what is the relevance of the IQ tests which are so standard in all international locations that a widespread man identifies intelligence with IQ test rating?
The IQ Test
Despite of the existence of numerous definitions of intelligence, there may be only one common technique to measure intelligence that is accepted worldwide viz. Intelligent Quotient (IQ) test. It is usually called "Binet and Simon Test" that was published in 1905. This test has withstood the test of time even after a century. The IQ test continues to be the only universally accepted technique of measuring human intelligence.
IQ tests do not measure absolutely the intelligence of an individual but they measure the individual's intelligence in respect of the other person. The typical IQ rating is taken as 100. The higher than one hundred score indicates that he individual is more intelligent than the typical individual and less than one hundred rating indicate under common intelligence.
These IQ tests have change into extremely in style through the years and almost universally applied for choice of the graduates and postgraduate students by the examinations like SAT or GRE. In most of the countries related tests are carried out for faculty and university admissions. Even for selection of the candidates for jobs, often the IQ score is the quickest and most necessary criterion for selection.
The reason why IQ scores are such a universally accepted criterion for deciding the suitability of an individual for a job or a higher course of study is just not without any basis. There have been several research which have confirmed that the individuals with high IQ rating have much better probabilities of success in life. For example in an research carried out in 1925 by Lewis Terman adopted the lives of the individuals who had IQ of 130 or more to find the relationship between the high intelligence and occupational success and social adjustment. The examine established that on the average, the people with higher IQ have earned more degrees, attained higher occupational success and salaries, experienced better personal and social adjustments and found to be healthier at every age than the average adult.
Nonetheless no psychologist or scientist may ever explain how such a easy test which will be accomplished within jiffy, can so easily measure the intelligence of the particular person which is such a posh trait of human personality? How can one' ability to remember words, clear up mathematical problems, fill in the blanks or reading comprehension skunwell has anything to do with the particular person's ability to make associates, get along with people, provide leadership, adjust to social environment and achieve life?
Defining Human Intelligence using the idea of Science of Soul
It's acknowledged in ancient Indian and western philosophies that the physical self (body and mind) is the material manifestation of the imperceptible self of the particular person (soul). The soul is the supply of all of the "known" elements of the human personality like, love, emotion, intelligence, habits etc which might be felt by all of us but cannot be measured. However the signature of the soul (like the DNA) is coded into all the physical aspects of the person which might be understood only by the soul of another person. Hence if a person is intelligent he can identify the soul and therefore the mind of the other person by means of his external manifestation like motion, face or speech.
It means that should you read an article, you truly understand the mind of the writer? For those who see the face of the individual, you know automatically if the individual is truthful or a fraud, honest or dishonest, sad or joyful? Intelligence, therefore, means how accurately you determine one other particular person by knowing only little "known" points of him like his body movements, his gestures or his walking fashion? Therefore, intelligence could be defined as
Intelligence is the ability of (the soul of) an individual to understand(the soul of) another entity from one or few physical manifestation of the entity like face, signature, writings, texture of the skin, voice, walking style.
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